The paper is dedicated to the folk regards on labour, based on two fundamental domains of the traditional society: the sacred book of Christianity (the Bible) and the literary creation, both having a great age and a considerable impact on the social representations. The author analyses how labour is presented in the Holy Writ: as a duty that was assigned by God to the first humans, in Paradise. It became later a means for supporting life and a source of pain due to the original sin, committed by the first humans, and their expulsion from Paradise. The author traces this biblical motif in several Romanian folk creations – wedding orations, Christmas carols, creation legends. In the traditional imaginary world, the episode of the original sin sometimes misses or contains extra-biblical details. One of the frequent ideas is that God taught Adam and Eve the main domestic occupations and gave them the necessary implements. Labour proves thus the Creator’s care for humans. The folk sources also support the idea that when humans, during their earthly life, had broken God’s commands, their labour became a tiresome occupation that does not always culminate with results corresponding to the invested effort.
Keywords: Bible, Christianity, labour, pain, wedding orations, carols, legends, folk thinking.
Cuvinte-cheie: Biblia, creştinism, muncă, chin, oraţii nupţiale, colinde, legende, gândire populară.