Agriculture was the main occupation of the Dacian population living east of the Carpathians. The paper describes the main proofs, especially archeological ones, that confirm the practice of this branch of economy. Various categories of agricultural implements (plough shares and coulter knifes, sickles, scythes) were found in the settlements of Poiana, Brad, Răcătău, in the Dacian fortresses of Cîndeşti, Barboşi, Bâtca Doamnei, the settlement of Dumbrava or settlements located in the area of the Carpathian bend. There are also described other finds – osteological remains, or paleobotanical ones – that confirm the practice of agriculture by the Dacians within the considered space. The described proofs confirm that within agriculture, the Dacians living east of the Carpathians were mainly preoccupied with cereal cultivation and animal husbandry. The analysis of the same proofs indicates the increase of the agricultural production, due to the improvement of the agrarian technique. This phenomenon created the conditions for the transition from the practicing of agriculture in order to answer immediate needs, for subsistence purposes, to the goods supplying agriculture.