The present study is an attempt to elucidate some of the specific problems of the folktale, namely aspects concerning the hero. Thus, the hero is considered the centre of the entire action, an essential part of the traditional story and he has some specific features, which transform him into a prototype. The hero is usually born in a miraculous way, or he is the youngest of a very poor family or the youngest of the emperor’s family. He is always brave and intelligent; he has many qualities, becoming an ideal model of the traditional world. Other characters from the folktale, such as the antagonists or the adjuvant personages also have their specific roles in developing the hero’s initiatory journey.