Anuarul Muzeului Etnografic al Moldovei – XX / 2020


This paper gives an overview of the interior textiles made of wool which adorn the house and play a significant role in providing the house with thermal and acoustic comfort. Their highly-decorative function, the different ways of composing their decoration and their display within the house make these types of textiles essential in creating a nice, relaxing and customized ambient for the family living inside the house. The interior of the parents’ house marks the soul of the child and will act later as a frame for all his future living spaces and places. The interior is both marked and a marker, emotionally speaking, in relation to the inhabitants of the house, and this relationship, as well as the weaver’s vision of the family universe, are to be found enciphered into the interior textiles with geometric or naturalistic patterns. We discuss the types of textiles used in adorning the house, describing them from the morphological, functional and ornamental points of view.

We present the inventory used for the manufacture of these objects and examine its evolution and the relationship between installations. Specialized information concerning the objects’ preparation, conservation and display is also provided. Our intention was to make known the work implied in organizing such a monumental exhibition, therefore we provide information related to the activities carried out. For a proper reading key, this paper explains the pagination and the content of the pages of the exhibition, meaning its rooms, walls, registers, respectively. The numerous and dedicated team implied in the organization of this exhibition is briefly presented, insisting on the task assumed by each member.

Keywords: scoarţă, grindar, lăicer, păretar, interior textiles, weaver, peasant household, monastery workshop, vertical loom, horizontal loom, tight picking, karamani, decorative composition, exhibition, display rails.

Cuvinte-cheie: scoarţă, grindar, lăicer, păretar, textile de interior, ţesătoare, gospodărie ţărănească, atelier mănăstiresc, gherghef, stative, ales legat, karamani, compoziţie decorativă, expoziţie, simeze.