Essential figure of the New Testament, the Virgin Mary is the most important character present in the icons found in each home. Her exemplary life is confirmed by several passages of the Holy Books of the Apostles, to which is added information provided by the Apocryphal Gospels, which converted her, in the eyes of Christian people, into their Mother, to whom they pray in every moment of their lives. The few known moments of her life were represented iconographically, the craftsman adding, in addition to Byzantine influences, several elements related to his environment, that are usually found in his everyday surroundings. The result was the creation of very sensitive icons through which spectators feel the connection with the experiences of the Mother of God, the evoked moments being for the craftsman, either anonymous or known, reasons to express his own feelings.
Keywords: Virgin Mary, Saint Joachim, Saint Anne, Saint Josef, the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, icons, the National Museum of the Romanian Peasant.
Cuvinte-cheie: Fecioara Maria, Sfântul Ioachim, Sfânta Ana, Sfântul Iosif, Naşterea Maicii Domnului, Adormirea Maicii Domnului, icoane, Muzeul Naţional al Ţăranului Român.