Through this study, we bring back some relatively recent findings from Transylvania and Banat, which illustrate magical-religious themes related to two basic occupations of the prehistoric man: hunting and fishing. These are found in several scenes engraved on rocks, which have a great impact on the viewer even today. We assume that the rendered scenes are related to hunting or fishing successes, or to rituals relating to the success of these actions, but we do not exclude the possibility of them being related to initiation processes. We also appealed to other representations in different parts of Europe, which illustrate the importance of these occupations, the tools and weapons used, and the animals pictured according to the typical landscapes. Unfortunately, the lack of more complex research in the areas concerned does not yet allow us to give more precise explanations about the chronology of these representations.