This article discusses the bovine image painted on the Cucuteni-Trypillia pottery based on archaeological materials discovered in archaeological sites from Romania, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. On the one hand, the study tries to establish the typology of the bovine representations painted on pottery and their chronological and spatial distribution. Such an analysis is useful for clarifying aspects related to a series of influences and links between different settlements, and a dynamic of the representations has been detected. On the other hand, the study discusses the painted bovine representations in the wider context of the Cucuteni-Trypillia ornamental motifs. Their association with a number of elements, in addition to the geometric style employed for pottery decoration was observed. Also, a series of images allowed a distinction to be made between the domestic bull (Bos taurus) and aurochs (Bos primigenius).