The fate of the Romanian Principalities during the Russian-Turkish war of 1806-1812 was one of the significant subjects of the international reports regarding the political and military alliances of Russia, Austria, France and other implied states. The war started in the autumn of 1806can be divided in four periods. The present article approaches some aspects of the diplomatic confrontations at the end of the 5th period (19(31) October – 21 November (3 December, Gregorian style) 1811 and until peace was signed in Bucharest on the 16th (28th) of May 1812). All along this period, the territorial claims of the Russian met the diplomatic resistance of the Ottomans. At last, a compromise formula was accepted, being proposed by the great vizier of M.I.Kutuzov, from the end of 1811: ‘I give you the Prut and nothing more! The Prut or war!’.
The final phase of the Russian-Turkish negotiations is characterized by an aggravation of the international political reports, which can be qualified as true diplomatic duels at a European level. This had repercussions equally over the diplomatic disputes of Bucharest. Aspects related to some arguable aspects concerning the betrayal of the Moruzi brothers were also clarified, because their diplomatic role into the Bessarabia problem is both important and controversial. Nonetheless, the decisive factors which determined the signing of the peace from Bucharest (16/28 May 1812) were the geopolitical and not the personal ones. Thus, within The Oriental Issue, in 1812 took place the genesis of a new international matter – that of Bessarabia.